As the primary fuel for fuel cell cars, hydrogen offers significant advantages. Hydrogen fuel cell cars produce zero emissions – the only byproducts are water and heat.
While hydrogen doesn’t exist on its own, it can be produced from a number of domestically available feedstocks. Today, most hydrogen in North America is made from reforming natural gas although it is also produced from biomass, industrial waste, and the electrolysis of water.
When hydrogen is produced using renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, geothermal and hydroelectric power, the environmental benefits are even greater. Diversity of supply is an important reason why hydrogen is such a promising fuel.
While millions of tons of hydrogen are distributed all around the world each year to bring hydrogen to individual consumers would require an evolution of the fuel infrastructure.
Government agencies, hydrogen and fuel cell organizations and energy companies are currently analyzing the options and trade-offs for hydrogen production and delivery to support the introduction of fuel cell vehicles.
To reach a clean energy future, industry and government regulations must change dramatically, adding tax credits and other incentives to encourage the growth of renewables. In the interim, with the introduction of fuel cell technology in vehicles, we can efficiently use our current energy resources and reduce our reliance on fossil fuels while providing the comfort and dynamic drive-ability demanded by consumers.